Engineer, inventor, specialist in writing, public figure.
Anton Ignatyevich Stulginsky was born in 1851 in the Province of Koven (Russian Empire). He graduated from the Sahulya gymnasium and the chemical department of the Institute of Technology in St. Petersburg.
He got acquainted with the practice of writing in Germany and France, visited the world exhibition in Vienna in 1873, supervised the construction of the Babin paper factory, and later managed the technical part of the Krasnoselsk writing factory.
In 1877, Prince F. I. Paskevich invited twenty-six-year-old engineer A. I. Stulginskiy in place of the managing director of the Dorushsky writing factory, founded in 1870 in the estate of Dobrusch in the Mahilou province.
And. I. Stulginsky constantly improved the technical and technological production processes and paper of the Dorush factory was repeatedly exhibited at international and domestic exhibitions. In 1882 and 1896 the factory was awarded the highest award of all-Russian exhibitions – the right to depict on its products of the state coat of arms. The technical equipment of the factory was carried out continuously, using high-performance English, American, German and French equipment. Annual production reached 10,000 tons per sum of 3 million rubles in 1913 and the Dobrush factory became the leader of the Russian paper industry. The laboratory created at the factory could control all stages of production, and was equipped with the latest domestic and foreign equipment. It was the first in Belarus and one of the first laboratories in Russia for private enterprise production.
But not only the issues of commerce were the focus of the director of the factory. seriously ill in the surrounding villages every day. Free medical care and free medicines were used not only by factory workers, but also by their families.
The presence of a wholesale warehouse of essential products allowed workers to purchase them at 15-20 cheaper than in local shops. Five years of work in the factory gave the right to receive at the dismissal of the allowance in the amount of monthly earnings multiplied by the number of years worked over five years. The most striking example of active social policy was the introduction of an 8-hour working day at the Dorush factory, for the first time in Russia. At the same time, all workers were saved the same salary, which they received for 12 hours of work.
In 1905, Princess Irina Paskevich allocated funds for the establishment of a scholarship named after the director of Factory A. I. Stulginsky at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology in memory of the introduction of an 8-hour working day.
A. I. Stulginsky took an active part in the activities of the Russian technical society, was a life-long member of the Society of Technologists. Articles by A. I. Stulginskiy on various aspects of writing production were published in domestic and foreign technical journals. In 1901, on the initiative of A. I. Stulginsky, an alliance of scribe sfactories was established in Russia. A. I. Stulginsky became the first chairman of the council of the union and throughout his life was constantly re-elected to this post. The purpose of the union was to study and protect the interests of the paper industry, promote its technical development, expand the raw material base and marketing. The union published a monthly magazine, The Writing Business, and supervised the station’s work on the testing and research of the paper. With the funds of this organization, a scientific and educational office on the writing industry at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology was established and a special fund was established to give prizes to Russian engineers for original work and manuals to engineers for studying the writing business.
A. I. Stulginsky died in 1915.